While working with our son's therapist, I learned a lot about teaching children how to write their letters and numbers. I learned that the key is in the process and that each level is a building block for the next level. In this method, tracing worksheets are not used until after the child has learned the proper formation of the letters and numbers. And even then, I had to discover the "perfect" tracing worksheets. Beginning writers need larger letters and thicker lines to learn how to correctly form letters and numbers. Adding start and stop dots along with spatial boxes guides a child through this process.
The ABCJLM Handwriting Process involves five steps. Each of these steps are developed in the ABCJLM Curriculum.
1. Holding the Pencil Correctly - 2 Year Curriculum
2. Pre-Writing Worksheets - 2 & 3 Year Curriculum
3. 3" Tactile and Written Letters and Numbers - 3 & 4 Year Curriculum
4. ABCJLM Letter and Number Progression Worksheet s - 4 Year Curriculum
5. ABCJLM Tracing Worksheets - 5 Year Curriculum
Learn more about each step by scrolling this page.
Handwriting is one of those topics that creates an array of emotions. Even professionals don't agree on the procedure of teaching and practicing. Add to that the vast difference of development among children the same age and we find ourselves in a mess.
No matter which side of the fence you live on there are two absolutes. First, the process of teaching handwriting should never be a negative experience for a child. Secondly, the child's personality and development are foremost among the factors shaping the learning. No matter how other children the same age learn, remember the child you're teaching is unique and special.
There are several stages of pencil grip before the child masters the three-finger grasp. Time and growth in the child's fine and gross motor coordination will automatically advance the child through these stages. The ABCJesusLovesMe Curriculum walks the child and adult through the process in an age-appropriate manner. Halfway through the 2 Year Curriculum, there are activities designed to help the child hold a pencil correctly.
IMPORTANT: Some children will not be ready for the handwriting activities presented in the ABCJLM Curriculum. That is okay. Be careful not to frustrate the child while working on handwriting activities. No matter how much you work with the child, if the fine and gross motor skills are not at the level they should be, the child will not be able to properly hold a pencil. If this is the case, continue to work on fine motor activities (small muscle movement like in the fingers) and gross motor activities (core strength) to increase the child's motor control.
When the child is ready, teach the child to hold the writing utensil with his/her thumb and index finger while supporting it on the middle finger. I tell the child to make an alligator mouth with his thumb and index finger to pinch the pencil. Then the alligator goes to sleep and rests the pencil on the middle finger. Lori, on our ABCJesusLovesMe Facebook Group shared this similar idea, "Lay a pencil in front of the child with the point facing toward her. Ask her to pinch it with her thumb and forefinger about 1/2-3/4" from the end. Pick it up and flip the pencil back onto her hand. Support the underside of the pencil with the middle finger." Both of these techniques work with right and left-handed children. It is best to start with short pencils and broken crayons if the child does not use proper grasp.
Click for tips on teaching a child how to correctly hold a pencil.
Since all letters and numbers are made of five simple movements, a child must first be able to hold a pencil and follow a straight, diagonal, or circular line. The last few weeks of the 2 Year Curriculum introduce the pre=writing activity and the 3 Year Curriculum reviews it.
To begin teaching this process, the ABCJLM Handwriting Curriculum includes worksheets with 3" vertical lines. When the child is ready, he/she is introduced to horizontal, diagonal, and circles. Green dots are provided for "go" and red dots for "stop.". Help the child place her pencil on the green dot, draw along the yellow, and stop at the red dot.
The Pre-Writing Worksheets are available to order in the 2 or 3 Year Workbooks or in the Handwriting Workbook.
After the child masters the basic lines and circles, he is ready to begin Step #3. Use tactile and/or large bubble letters and numbers to conduct this portion of the process to teach the child the correct formation.
Tactile letters and numbers are part of the 3 Year Curriculum and are a multi-sensory way of the child learning letters and numbers: sight - the child sees the letter; touch - the child forms the letter on the textured form; hear - the child says the name of the letter while tracing it.
In writing, use a thick yellow marker or highlighter to draw 3" tall letters or numbers across a horizontal paper. Begin with just one character per page at a time. Add a green dot at the starting point of each character and a red dot at the finishing point.
Most letters have more than one starting and ending point. Only draw the first starting and ending point. Once the child masters is information, take away the yellow line, red dot and then finally the green dot. Progress to smaller and thinner lines. Be sure to say the Letter Formation Chants and Number Rhymes as you form the characters. These will assist the child and help him remember the correct formation.
The the 3 Year Curriculum focuses on the child writing his first name, but only tracing the rest of the tactile letters and number with his index finger.
For children who desire to write but lack the fine motor skills to use the 3" letters and numbers, use the Letter Posters and Number Posters to teach the correct formation. Add green and red dots to the posters and teach the formation using the Letter Formation Chants and Number Rhymes. Encourage the child to stay between the lines when forming each letter. Links to print ABCJLM Letter and Number Posters are available in the 3 Year Curriculum Lesson Plans. The Letter and Number Posters are also available to order in the 3 Year Workbook.
While these are not used in any of the curriculum, when the child is ready to write capital and lowercase letters, 3" Letter Digital Downloads are available to order.
Once the child is able to correctly form letters and numbers, it is time to place the characters on the classic tracing lines so she can practice keeping the letters and numbers uniform.
Almost every number and letter in the alphabet is similar to another letter or number. The Letter and Number Progression worksheets of the 4 Year Curriculum combine these similarities to make handwriting easier. Beginning with the simple line and progressing to more difficult strokes, the worksheets increase in difficulty, allowing the child to ease into the harder-to-form letters and numbers.
Find Letter Formation Chants and Number Rhymes on each of the worksheets to help the child learn how to correctly form them. As the child write letters and numbers, say the chants along with them.
I have color-coded the lines to help in the formation. The middle line is green since many lowercase letters start (go) on the middle line and end on the bottom (red) line. The top line is blue (sky).
Draw the characters in yellow with the added the green and red dots for each letter and number. Last, take away the yellow line first, red dot second, and finally the green dot when the child is ready.
The ABCJLM Letter and Number Progression Worksheets are available in the 4 Year Workbook or in the Handwriting Workbook.
Step #5 places all of the letters and numbers in alphabetic and numeric order, and begin placing the letters into words. These Writing Worksheets - adapted from Mrs. E - in the 5 Year Curriculum practice correctly writing the letter, drawing objects that begin with the letter, and identifying the letter in words. These worksheets are available to print in the 5 Year Curriculum Lesson Plans or purchase in the 5 Year Workbook and Handwriting Workbook.
These worksheets use the same setup as the Letter and Number Progressions Worksheets with blue, green, and red lines. Start with the wider lines and progress to the small lines. These worksheets are available in the 5 Year Workbook or in the Handwriting Workbook.
Blank Tracing Line Worksheet - Wide
1" Blank Tracing Line Worksheet - Medium
3/4" Blank Tracing Line Worksheet - Narrow
**If you have trouble getting all of the lines to print in color, please print while using the free Firefox browser as IE and Chrome do not always work correctly.
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